Carroll County History

Carroll County Historical Society

Introduction

When the US government passed the Land Ordinance of 1785, on May 20, a land survey was made of the land in eastern Ohio then known as the Northwest Territory.
The land to be surveyed was called the “Seven Ranges”. This was the only land surveyed by government surveyors under the continental congress. The first line due west from the intersection of the Pennsylvania line with the Ohio River through what is now northern Carroll County. The line was 42 miles long. Thomas Hutchins, the chief geographer of the United States, ran this line from September 23 to October 22, 1785. Each township was numbered and divided into sections. Carroll County Map
   
The first known white men to approach the area were the Revs. Frederick Post and John Heckewelder who were both Moravian Missionaries who began a settlement in Salem, Columbiana County and then traveled to Schoenbrunn and Gnadenhutten in Tuscarawas County.

Tradition tells us that about 1800, Jesse Palmer, a hunter settled in Washington Township on a stream that now bears his name. He is the first known individual to actually build and settle here. Of course, without land records for that time, it’s difficult to be certain who was the first. About the same time, John Jackman settled on land on the Elkhorn in Lee Township. Many others soon followed. During the second decade the settlement within the territory of this county was more rapid and many towns were formed.

In the session of Ohio State congress 1832-1833 Carroll County was formed from parts of Columbiana, Stark, Tuscarawas, Harrison and Jefferson counties. The population mainly originated from Pennsylvania, Virginia and Maryland, with a few Germans and Scotch-Irish. The land is somewhat hilly and has an area of 400 square miles.

The county was named for the last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence, Charles Carroll, of Carrollton, Maryland. He died November 14, 1833 and our county was officially formed January 1833. Gen. H. A. Stidger of this county visited Mr. Carroll before his death and told him that Ohio had named a county in his honor and he was extremely pleased. There are 14 townships in Carroll County. They are: Augusta, Brown, Center, East, Fox, Harrison, Lee, Loudon, Monroe, Orange, Perry, Rose, Union and Washington.

Population           

Year

County

     % Change

 

Year

County

     % Change

 

Year

County

     % Change

1840

18,108

 

 

1910

15,761

(6.25)

 

2000

28,836

  8.73

1850

17,686

(2.33)

 

1920

15,942

  1.15

 

2010

 

 

1860

15,738

(11.01)

 

1930

16,057

    .42

 

 

 

 

1870

14,491

(7.92)

 

1940

17,449

  8.67

 

 

 

 

1880

16,416

13.28

 

1950

19,039

  9.11

 

 

 

 

1890

17,566

  7.01

 

1960

20,857

  9.55

 

 

 

 

1900

16,811

(4.30)

 

1970

21,579

  3.46

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1980

25,598

 19.62

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1990

26,521

  3.61

 

 

 

 

 

Assessed Valuation

Year

     Valuation

% Change

Year

     Valuation

% Change

1920

$ 23,701,550

 

2011

 

 

1930

 

 

2012

 

 

1940

 

 

2013

 

 

1950

 

 

2014

 

 

1960

 

 

2015

 

 

1970

 

 

 

 

 

1980

 

 

 

 

 

1990

 

 

 

 

 

1997

$338,319,110

 

 

 

 

1998

$393,118,435

 16.20

 

 

 

1999

$397,623,322

   1.15

 

 

 

2000

$409,950,786

  3.10

 

 

 

2001

$465,896,340

13.65

 

 

 

2002

$458,512,350

(1.58)

 

 

 

2003

$463,686,240

  1.13

 

 

 

2004

$500,373,360

  7.91

 

 

 

2005

$510,872,840

  2.10

 

 

 

2006

$513,278,840

    .47

 

 

 

2007

$555,876,900

  8.30

 

 

 

2008

$551,793,036

   (.73)

 

 

 

2009

$541,426,180

 (1.88)

 

 

 

2010

 

 

 

 

 

                       

Current Profile of Carroll County

Census—http://quickfacts.census.gov/gfd/states/39/39019.html 

Agriculture— 

County Office Websites

 Auditor  www.carrollcountyohio.us/auditor.html

Commissioners www.carrollcountyohio.us

Recorder www.carrollcountyohio.us/recorder.html

 

Other Related Websites

 Chamber of Commerce  www.carrollohchamber.com

Convention & Visitors Bureau www.carrollcountyohio.com